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Considering 99% of all locomotives (in the US, at least) are diesel-electric hybrids, probably so. GE’s Evolution Series of locomotive holds around 5000 gallons of diesel. Fuel efficiency for trains is measured in terms of ton-miles, because the length and weight of trains varies greatly. So, for an example, in 2009, CSX trains averaged 468 miles per gallon per ton. Considering trains can haul anywhere from 6000 to 16000 tons (or more) per run, it should have plenty of range. It would average 0.078 mpg (390 mile range) with a 6000 ton haul or 0.02925 mpg (146.25 mile range) with a 16000 ton haul. Considering that a train connecting the Americas to Eurasia would probably connect across the 50 mile Bering Strait, a train could easily make the journey.